Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research <table border="0" width="100%" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td bgcolor="#312b61"><strong><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 'Montserrat',Gotham,helvetica,arial,sans-serif; color: #ffffff;">Announcements of Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research (JESR)</span></strong></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table border="0" width="100%" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><strong>Dear Authors and Readers,</strong></p> <p><strong>JESR is Evolving!!!</strong></p> <p align="justify">We are updating the version of Open Journal System (OJS) from version 2.xx to (latest version). We already done with transferring the data from old version to the newest, we assure you that the publication data is absolutely safe and can be accessed through this website, the transition shall not affect the publication of our previous issue.</p> <p align="justify">We are working at our best level to ensure smooth and prompt transition to the current version. Our services for our authors shall continue as usual, However, all authors are required to register or recreate new accounts.</p> <p align="justify">Currently, we are recreating the review system and will require a certain amount of time. We will notice you by E-mail if the review system on website is ready. Temporarily, the review system will be manually running i.e. communication by E-mail (<em><strong></strong></em>).</p> <p align="justify">For any queries, do not hesitate to contact us at the above mentioned e-mail IDs. We back with a new, improved version of JESR !!.</p> <p align="justify"><br /><em><strong>Regards,</strong></em><br /><em><strong>Editorial Team</strong></em><br /><em><strong>Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research (JESR)</strong></em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table border="0" width="100%" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td bgcolor="#312b61"><strong><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 'Montserrat',Gotham,helvetica,arial,sans-serif; color: #ffffff;">Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research (JESR)</span></strong></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table border="0" width="100%" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p align="justify">Welcome to JESR, pISSN: 2685-0338; eISSN: 2685-1695. JESR is an International online journal which publishes innovative original research papers and critical review artides in the field of engineering and scientific research. It focuses on but not limited to Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Mechanical and Manufacturing, Industrial Engineering, Computer and Information Technology, Electrical and Telecommunication, Material and Mining, Civil and Geodetic Engineering, Architecture and Urban Planning, Geophysical Science and Engineering, and Interdisciplinary Engineering research, The main criteria for publication are including the originality, scientific quality and interest to the aim and focus. JESR is published by The Faculty of Engineering, University of Lampung, Indonesia twice a year for June and December editions, start from June 2019, JESR welcome for publication collaborations with organizer of International Seminars, Conferences and Symposiums around the world. We are encouraging authors to submit their manuscript through our online system.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> en-US (JESR - Managing Editor) (Gigih Forda Nama) Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Optimization of Microgrid Battery Capacity using PSO with Considering Islanding Operation <p><em>Electrical is used for various activities in all sectors. Rapid increase of electricity demand recently, makes it necessary to have an even more efficient method for generating electricity. Renewable energy and the </em><em>microgrid</em><em> provides an integrated and alternative solution for electricity generation. In </em><em>microgrid systems</em><em>, energy storage devices are one of important aspects. Batteries are one kind of the energy storage technologies widely used in power system and hence, their suitable capacity must be determined in order to develop a</em><em>n </em><em>effective system installation. In this research, sizing optimization of battery capacity is modeled as a minimization of </em><em>microgrid</em><em> battery capacity using the Particle Swarm Optimization/PSO algorithm with considering islanding operation of the system for effective battery installation. Results show that optimal battery capacity can be obtained and the developed computational model gives satisfactory results for the system under study.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>Battery, microgrid, energy storage system, PSO algorithm</em></p> Ayu Sintianingrum, Khairudin, Lukmanul Hakim Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of AVO and Seismic Inversion for Reservoir Characterization (Case Study: EP Field, South Sumatera Basin) <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>A research about reservoir characterization with analysis of AVO </em>(<em>Amplitude Variation with Offset</em>)<em> and seismic inversion, to extract the petrophysics properties on the EP field South Sumatra Basin. This research was conducted to identify rock lithology and its spread, to see the sensitive parameters of physical properties of rocks. This research uses the 3D seismic data PSTM </em>(<em>Pre Stack Time Migration</em>) <em>as input control with data from the EP-036 well containing sonic log, density, gamma rays, neutron and resistivity log.&nbsp; From the results of data analysis on the well log chart EP-036, reservoir target zones are at a depth of 714 to 722 m (TVD) or time domain 768 to 780 ms.&nbsp; The results of the analysis AVO is able to detect the presence of reservoir gas sand</em><em>, based on the classification of Rutherford and Williams (1989) the gas sand layer into AVO class III that indicates low impedance contrast sands. To analyze the results of well log data in the cross plot EP-036 indicates lithology is a hydrocarbon. It is also reinforced with cross plot analysis and seismic inversion results in the form of the parameter value </em>??<em>, Vp/Vs and Acoustic impedance with low porosity averaging 22 to 35%, indicating that the zone is a zone reservoir potential gas sand.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong>Inversion, AVO, LMR, Reservoir Characterization.</p> H Budiman, M.Y.N Khakim, A.K Affandi Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Comparison of Types and Size of Biomass on Pirolysis Combustion Toward The Results of Bio-Charcoal and Liquid Smoke <p><em>Biomass is a renewable carbon source and can be processed into gas fuels, liquid and solid fuels. Biomass has several types with different grain sizes. Biomass can be converted to other forms of energy by combustion pyrolysis. Pyrolysis is the chemical decomposition of organic matter through a heating process at high temperatures with little or no oxygen. The results of the pyrolysis process in the form of bio-charcoal and liquid smoke. The purpose of this research was to determine the comparison of types and sizes of biomass in pyrolysis combustion with characteristics of bio-charcoal and liquid smoke. This research method uses rubber shell biomass waste, green coconut husk and rice husk. Biomass is burned by slow pyrolysis in the reactor with biomass fuel. Combustion in reactors and pitot tubes containing biomass. Measured temperature, time, amount of biomass, bio-charcoal and liquid smoke and the heating value of bio-charcoal. The research results obtained the heating value of rubber shell bio-charcoal at 6661.55 cal / gr, bio-charcoal yield of 2.3 kg, liquid smoke yield of 0.242 kg, green coconut husk biomass heating value amounted to 5388.56 cal/gr, the yield of 1.8 kg of bio-charcoal, the result of liquid smoke of 0.308 kg. and rice husk biomass obtained the heating value of 3626.48 cal/gr with a bio-charcoal yield of 1.3 kg resulting from liquid smoke of 0.284 kg.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Combustion, Pyrolysis, Liquid Smoke, Charcoal, Biomass</em></p> Kemas Ridhuan, Dwi Irawan, Rahmady Setiawan Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Soil Quality Assessment in Relation to Food Crop Productivity to Support Agribusiness-Based of Dry Land Management by Scoring of Soil Quality <p><em>To support Indonesian’s food self-sufficiency program, more quantitative and accurate data are required on the character of soil data needed, which can be more easily understood, practical and suitable for crop selection as well as for the right fertilizer recommendations to support the agribusiness development, implementation and operation. The purpose of this research is to develop and assess soil quality in relation to the productivity of major food crops by using Soil Quality Score Plus (SQS Plus) to support agribusiness-based management of dry lands. The use of SQS for assessing soil quality in principle determines the weighted average score obtained from the score of each selected key parameter multiplied by its weight. The SQS for the 36 locations observed varies from 2.36 (low) to 4.12 (high). SQS Plus adds letter(s) after a score to indicate the limiting factor(s) of soil ecosystem. The most limiting factor is low carbon organic content (72.2 % from the 36 locations observed), followed by low P availability (58.3%), and low total organic N (41.7%). Data of correlation between SQS and crop productivity is not good as expected.&nbsp; Crop growth and crop production are not only determined by soil quality and its limiting factors.</em></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>Crop productivity, dry land management, soil limiting factors, soil quality assessment, Soil Quality Score</em></p> L M Rachman Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Web-Gis Application Of Agricultural And Food Crop Management <p><em>This paper discusses web-based applications in the agricultural and food crops sectors in North Aceh district, Aceh Province, Indonesia. The agricultural and food crops sector is a mainstay sector of the people of North Aceh and local governments to move the economy and income of the local community. There are several superior agricultural products and food crops including rice, corn, sweet potatoes, green beans, long beans, cassava and potatoes. The North Aceh Government does not have sufficient applications to manage agricultural sector products. The research objective is to realize the independence of local food in order to support the national food security program. The mechanism used to design and make agricultural and food crop web applications starts from application design, application construction/coding, application testing and implementation system. After testing the web application by doing black box testing-white box and GUI testing to find out the side of the application display, application behavior and application durability. The results showed the application accuracy, stability and durability of the application reached 97.4%. The application web-based of agriculture and food crop management has been running as it should for mapping/GIS of superior agricultural commodities and GIS potential locations of agriculture and food crops in North Aceh.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>Applicaton, GUI, Black Box Testing, GIS</em></p> Salahuddin , Husaini, Anwar, Zulfan Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Addressing Semantic Interoperability, Privacy and Security Concerns in Electronic Health Records <p><em>The use of Electronic Health Records (EHR) in healthcare has the potential of reducing medical errors, minimizing healthcare cost and significantly improving the healthcare service quality. However, there is a barrier in healthcare data and information exchange between various healthcare systems due to the lack of interoperability. Also, with the implementation of EHR system, there are security and privacy concerns in the storage and transferring data entities.&nbsp; The healthcare interoperability problem remains an issue of further research and this paper proposes a semantic interoperability framework for solving&nbsp; this problem by allowing healthcare stakeholders and organizations (doctors, clinics, hospitals)using various healthcare standards to exchange data and its semantics, which can be understood by both machines and humans. Moreover, the proposed framework takes into consideration the security aspects in the semantic interoperability framework by utilizing data encryption and other technologies to secure the communication for the EHR information while ensuring real time data availability.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </em></p> <p>Keywords:. Semantic interoperability; Interoperability standards;&nbsp;Electronic Health records(EHR); Artifical Intelligence Techniques.&nbsp;<em>Natural Language Processing (NLP), Word2Vec, skip gram, CBOW</em></p> Arjmand Naveed, T Sigwele, Yim Fun Hu, M Kamala, Misfa Susanto Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Value Chain Analysis of Cassava (Manihot Esculeta) in Toba Samosir Regency, North Sumatera, Indonesia <p><em>The purpose of this study is to map out the value chain of cassava (Manihot esculeta) and to measure the extent to which the cassava commodity in Toba Samosir Regency, North Sumatera, Indonesia, could affect the economics of the relevant stakeholders. This study employed the value chain mapping analysis method to map out the existing supply chain models. Data and information have been collected using semi-structured interviews to selected sample that represent the stakeholders’ population along the cassava supply chain in Toba Samosir Regency. The stakeholders have been identified using snowball technique. SWOT analysis was employed to deploy policy strategy in improving the cassava benefit for the stakeholders. From the study, we obtain three models of supply chain of cassava, namely: (i) direct sale of cassava root to consumer model, (ii) cassava-based food model, and (iii) tapioca starch model. The margins of each node for each supply chain were estimated. The value chain map reveals that the value engineering of cassava commodities is not optimal, in which the final products produced by all models of supply chain are far below the potential possible value. We finally recommended some value-added improvement strategy; for example, diversifying the product of cassava derivative that is more valuable that is higher-grade tapioca flour and modification of cassava flour.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>Value Chain Analysis, Cassava, North Sumatera.</em></p> Rut Tambun, Yosef Manik Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Optimizing Groundwater Aquifers Potential in The Development of Irrigation Wells for Agriculture Using Geo-Electrical Method <p><em>The identification of shallow groundwater aquifers is demanded to sustain the balance of utilization in agriculture and anticipate frictions that can occur due to the overlapping usage of groundwater resources. This study is aimed to identify the potential of groundwater resources based on the thickness and depth of the groundwater aquifer. Geoelectric resistivity methods have done with vertical electrical sounding (VES) and horizontal profiling techniques (2D mapping). The VES data acquisition was carried out with a Schlumberger array while 2D mapping by alpha Wenner array. Inversion results of vertical electrical sounding (VES) show that groundwater resistivity values in sedimentary rocks ranged from 1 to 100 ?m and in igneous rocks between 0.5 - 150 ?m. The results of 2D Resistivity Mapping also show that shallow aquifer depth ranged from 1 to 5 m with a thickness ranged from 15 m to more than 70 m. Meanwhile, bedrock depth ranged from 20 to 150 m with a pattern deeper to the west. Furthermore, the potential of groundwater aquifers in the development of irrigation wells for agriculture should be carried out in the western part of the study area.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>Groundwater, Shallow Aquifer, Rock Resistivity, Irrigation Well, Geo-Electrical Sounding.</em></p> Rustadi , O T Purwadi, I G B Darmawan Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A cans waste classification system based on RGB images using different distances of k-means clustering <p><strong>Abstract</strong>. This study aims to build a classify the cans waste based on the pixel of captured Red, Green, and Blue (RGB) image by implement different metric 3 distances of k-means clustering; Manhattan, Euclidean, and Minkowski metric distance. The image capturing is designed using combinations of two the conveyor belt speeds of 0.181 m/sec and 0.086 m/sec, two the lightings of halogen and incandescent lamps, and four lighting angles of 30<sup>0</sup>, 45<sup>0</sup>, 60<sup>0</sup>, and 90<sup>0</sup>. The classification results note that the implementation of Manhattan distance on the k-means clustering method for classifying the cans waste into three can types has the highest level of accuracy in the majority of data. The highest accuracy level of classification is obtained from data of captured image on the conveyor belt speeds of 0.181 m/sec, the lightings of halogen lamp, and the lighting angles of 45<sup>0</sup> by implementing the Euclidean distance, while the lowest accuracy level of classification is obtained from data of captured image on the lighting angles of 30<sup>0</sup> with the same speeds and the lamp by implementing the Manhattan distance. The highest average accuracy is obtained by implementing the Euclidean distance, that derived from the average accuracy at lighting angle of 45<sup>0</sup>.</p> Yulia Resti, F Nasution, I Yani, A.S. Mohruni, F A Almahdini Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Enhancing Visual Abilities in Solving Mathematics Problems <p><em>This research is an experiment of categorizing visual abilities by representations of a solving problem</em><em> through class experiment. The research is </em><em>to investigate</em><em>, explore,</em> <em>and enhance </em><em>geometry </em><em>thinking in solving mathematics problems presented visually</em><em>. </em><em>The </em><em>tasks are cognitive strategies that rely on </em><em>the </em><em>visual representation</em><em>s and </em><em>the genesis of </em><em>the abilities with the </em><em>assumption that the performance requires the manipulation of the visual</em><em> representations</em><em>. The model of the research developed from the students’ imagination of a visual problem or situations for accomplishing the solution </em><em>and </em><em>called binocular rivalry. The</em><em> data are</em><em> of interconnection </em><em>for </em><em>promoting </em><em>visual abilities or senses, </em><em>as the flexibility of thinking and the likelihood of having representations available in prior knowledge. The data analyzed by categorizing according to the visual abilities and by Control Chart of Attributes. </em><em>The results are: 80% of the visual abilities are </em><em>nonconforming</em><em> index; the variation of visual representations is high in </em><em>nonconforming</em><em> index</em><em>, </em><em>but the depth struggle by the subjects and 70% select the general geometric figures that recognized</em><em>. </em><em>The conclusions are comprehensive, and the visual representations are </em><em>nonconforming</em><em> index, and the visual senses enhance in all categories.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Visual representation; Visual ability; Categorize visual skills; Geometry thinking; Cognitive strategy.</em></p> Mohamad Rif’at Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000